Recreational drugs

Information and Support


A. Galbraith. Fundamentals of pharmacology: a text for nurses and health professionals. Addison Wesley Longman, Boston, 1999.

R. Pates and D. Riley (eds.). Harm Reduction in Substance Use and High-Risk Behaviour. International Policy and Behaviour. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, 2012.

D. Slish. Pharmacology of Recreational Drugs. Cognella Academic Publishing, 2017.

A. Scott and C. Gidlow (eds.). Clinical Exercise Science. Routledge, 2016.

Journal articles (peer reviewed literature)

L.B. Alexandrov, Y.S. Ju, K. Haase, P. van Loo, I. Martincorena, S. Nik-Zainal, Y. Totoki, A. Fujimoto, H. Nakagawa, T. Shibata, P.J. Campbell, P. Vineis, D.H. Phillips and M.R. Stratton. Mutational signatures associated with tobacco smoking in human cancer. Science 354, 618-622 (2016).

K. McCarter, U. Martinez, B. Britton, A. Baker, B. Bonevski, G. Carter, A. Beck, C. Wratten, A. Guillaumier, S.A. Halpin and L. Wolfenden, Smoking cessation care among patients with head and neck cancer: a systematic review. British Medical Journal Open 2016; 6:e012296. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012296.

Y. Zhang, R. Wang, L. Miao, L. Zhu, H. Jiang and H. Yuan. Different Levels in Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption in Head and Neck Cancer Patients from 1957 to 2013. PLoS ONE 10: e0124045. doi:10/1371/journal.pone.0124045.

D.H.E. Maasland, P.A. van den Brandt, B. Kremer, R.A. Goldbohm and L.J. Schouten. Alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking and the risk of subtypes of head-neck cancer: result from the Netherlands Cohort Study. BMC Cancer 14, 187 (2014).

G.R. Ogden and A.J. Wight. Aetiology of oral cancer: alcohol. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 36, 247-251 (1998).

S. Bell et al. Association between clinically recorded alcohol consumption and initial presentation of 12 cardiovascular diseases: population based study using linked health records. British Medical Journal 356: j909 (2017). doi: 10.1136/bmj.j909.

N.L. Benowitz. Nicotine Addiction.New England Journal of Medicine 362, 2295-2303 (2010).

N. Sapundzhiev and J.A. Werner. Nasal snuff: historical review and health related aspects.Journal of Laryngology and Otology 117, 686-691 (2003).

A. Wyss et al. Cigarette, Cigar, and Pipe Smoking and the Risk of Head and Neck Cancers: Pooled Analysis in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Consortium.American Journal of Epidemiology 178, 679-690 (2013).

P. Clapp, S.V. Bhave and P.L. Hoffman. How adaptation of the brain to alcohol leads to dependence: a pharmacological perspective.Alcohol Research and Health 31, 310-339 (2008).

H. Tønnesen, P.R. Nielsen, J.B. Lauritzen and A.M. Møller. Smoking and alcohol intervention before surgery: evidence for best practice.British Journal of  Anaesthesia 102, 297-306 (2009).

D.K. Tracey, D.M. Wood and D. Baumeister. Novel psychoactive substances: types, mechanisms of action, and effects. British Medical Journal 356: i6848 (2017). doi:10.1136/bmj.i6848.

D.K. Tracey, D.M. Wood and D. Baumeister. Novel psychoactive substances: identifying and managing acute and chronic harmful use. British Medical Journal 356: i6814 (2017). doi:10.1136/bmj.i6814.

N. Hawkes. Sixty seconds on … snus. British Medical Journal 356: j536 (2017). doi:10.1136/bmj.j536.

European Commission, Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks. Health effects of smokeless tobacco products. Brussels (2008).

J. Luo, W.Ye, K. Zandehdel, J. Adami, H.O. Adami and P. Boffetta. Oral use of Swedish moist snuff (snus) and risk for cancer of the mouth, lung, and pancreas in male construction workers: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet 369, 2015-2020 (2007).

A.B. Wyss, M. Hashibe, Y.-C.A. Lee et al. Smokeless Tobacco Use and the Risk of Head and Neck Cancer: Pooled Analysis of US studies in the INHANCE Consortium. American Journal of Epidemiology 184, 703-716 (2016).

A.W. Midgley et al. Exercise program design considerations for head and neck cancer survivors. European Archives of Otorhinolaryngology 275, 169-179 (2018).

J.K. Silver and J. Baima. Cancer Prehabilitation: an Opportunity to Decrease Treatment Related Morbidity, Increase Cancer Treatment Options, and Improve Physical and Psychological Health Outcomes. Amercian Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 92, 715-727 (2013).

L.I. Wagner and D. Cella. Fatigue and cancer: causes, prevalence and treatment approaches. British Journal of Cancer 91, 822-828 (2004).

F. Cramp and J. Daniel. Exercise for the management of cancer-related fatigue in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2, CD006145 (2008). DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006145.pub2.

V. Ferrera et al. Maximizing patient adherence to prehabilitation: what do the patients say? Supportive Care in Cancer 26, 2717–2723 (2018).

T. Cedère-Maruyama and A. Moore. Anesthesia in the Elderly Patient Undergoing Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine 34, 279-288 (2018).

A. Barbera-Garcia et al. Personalised prehabilitation on high risk patients undergoing elective major abdominal surgery. Annals of Surgery 267, 50-56 (2018).

G.H. Huang et al. Structured exercise program prior to major cancer surgery improves cardiopulmonary fitness: a retrospective cohort study. Supportive Care in Cancer 24, 2277-2285 (2016).

H. Timmermann et al. Feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of preoperative therapeutic exercise in patients with cancer. A pragmatic study. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 27, 117-124 (2011).

F. Singh et al. A systematic review of pre-surgical exercise intervention studies with cancer patients. Surgical Oncology 22, 92-104 (2013).

Electronic resources